Ahnaf


Zoo as a place for animal research, reproduction, protection and tourism:



Tiger (Royal Bengal Tiger)



I chose this specific type of tiger because this species represents my country considering that it is the national animal. It also a very beautiful animal and has remarkable skills. Over all I believe that this animal will be easy to research about since it is a type of a very well known animal (Tigers).




Where do they live:
Bangladesh: 300-440
India: 3500
China: 30-35
Bhutan:150-220
Nepal: 50-140
(http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/tiger/bengal/royal.php)

Royal Bengal Tiger's Habitat

The royal Bengal tiger, a dangerous carnivores animal, lives in open forests and tall grass lands in the foot hills of the mountain Himalayas. So, the best place for the Royal Bengal tiger to live is 'The Sunder Bon' forest that covers the forest area of Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Bhutan and Mayanmer. Every tiger has it's own territory to rest, hunt or take shelter.The diet of this animal consists of deer,wild boars and other live stocks. It has an amazing skill of swimming. The fast and sudden attack from a close distance doesn't allow any chance to it's preys to escape. It usually attacks the preys from the side or from behind catching the throat. It's skin pattern sometimes provides him cover with the forest from hunters or their prey.

Fast Facts:


Type: Mammal
Diet: Carnivore
Average life span in the wild: 8 to 10 years
Size: Head and body, 5 to 6 ft (1.5 to 1.8 m); tail, 2 to 3 ft (0.6 to 0.9 m)
Weight: 240 to 500 lbs (109 to 227 kg)
Protection status: Endangered
Did you know?A tiger's roar can be heard as far as 2 mi (3 km) away.
(http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/bengal-tiger/)

Objective 1& 2:


Choose a well researched Animal

Explore Wiki features

Get some quick resources

Create a vocabulary list

Good questions for research

Quick Resources:
  1. National Geographic
  2. Wikipedia
  3. Food web (1)
  4. Habitat


WORD
MEANING
Adaption
To adjust in a certain situation
Environment
-The interaction between the living and non living factors (~Michael Ng)
-The things that make up your surroundings
Habitat
Natural environment of a species
Decomposers
An animal or organism that feeds of the dead
Ecosystem
The interaction of different organisms in the same community and/or Environment
Internal
To do of the inside
External
To do of the outside
Symbiosis
The relation between two species their for of beneficiary of each other
Prey
An animal being hunted (Mostly by a carnivore)
Carnivore
A animal that only eats meat
Herbivore
An animal that eats plants and grass
Primary Consumer
The second set of animals in the food web (herbivores)
Secondary Consumer
The animals that eat the primary consumer
Tertiary Consumer
The animals that feeds of the secondary consumer
(Bengal Tiger)






Objective 3:

Food Web:

photo(2).JPG

DECOMPOSERS:
-A decomposer is a animal or an organism that feeds of the remains of dead animals. They process dead matter break it down to simpler substances that plants can use to synthesize new life. They clean out the ecosystem and nourishes the soil to keep it going. Decomposition consists of breaking down the dead and reducing them into base nutrients then returning it into the living ecosystem. Decomposers are really, compared to real life like the trash men. They clean out the ecosystem and with out them The ecosystem will get over populated with animal and plant debrey


What other animals are in the Tigers habitat
-spotted deer
-crocodiles- Secondary comsumers
-jungle fowl- Primary Consumer
-wild boar-Primary Consumer
-rhesus monkey- Primary Consumer
-variety of birds(Buffy Fish Owl, ruddy kingfisher,masked finfoot,Magpie Robin,)-Primary consumer

Producers:
Grass
Trees

- Some examples of decomposers are:
Scavengers
external image scavengers


Bacteria
external image bacteria.jpg



Dung flies
external image 20110326-_MG_1080.jpg
Worms
external image 28355-004-64219017.jpg

What do Decomposers Do?

Decomposers breakdown dead organisms by consuming the organism and turning into soil, nitrogen, oxygen, carbon, and fertilizer for plants, by recycling the nutrients in their victims. Decomposers are recyclers of the ecosytem so there is no waste in it. Some decomposers are food of other animals such as birds, worms are decomposers and birds eat worms.

Difference Between Paracites and Decomposers:

Feature
Parasites
Decomposers
Diet
Feed of the Living
Feed of the dead




Objective 4 and 5

Environment of a Royal Bengal Tiger:

Definition: The interaction between the living and non living factors (~Michael Ng)
: The things that make up your surroundings

Pictures:

images-1.jpg



sundarban.jpg
happy_article_4.jpg

Where it Lives
Bengal Tigers mostly live in the Sunderban forest. It is the largest mangrove forests in the world. They like this sort of environment because the land consists of land and water. The tigers have adapted to swim considering the water cools their body and it is a good tactic to sneak up on its preys.

Sundarban Forest:
The forest is called Sundarban because 70% of the trees it is consisted of is a tree locally called Sundari Gach, Which means Beautiful Tree. Therefore Sundarban means Beautiful Forest.
external image mangrove.jpg


Nonliving Condition:
Non living conditions also known as abiotic factors are non living components in the environment such as temperature, light.


Living Condition:
Living conditions also known as biotic factors are components in the environment that affect living organisms such as prey and food.

Nonliving Condition
Adaptation
A lot of water
Swimming
Humidity

Shadows of tree branches and sunlight
Used for camouflage cover to sneak up on prays
Mud
Claws for grip ( they stick their nails out)
Muddy water
Float









Living Conditions
Adaptations
Crocodiles
They stay out of lakes or wideof water
Crows
Ignore
Sensitive prays
It is tactical and even though the fishes bother it's
feet in the water.













Facts:
Average Tempertature:
Screen_shot_2012-05-14_at_12.28.44_PM.png
Rainfall:
Screen_shot_2012-05-14_at_12.30.53_PM.png
Humidity:

Features of Adaptation:


Internal:
- Good sense of smell

External:
-Unique patterns of stripes.
To camouflage into the shadows of sun and trees.
-Padded Paws for surprise attacks (Silent)
Their padded paws help them sneak up on fast preys silently and engage in surprise attack.
-Powerful limbs and a flexible backbone enable tigers to quickly chase and catch prey over short distances. Tigers can cover up to 10 m (33 ft.) in a single leap.
a. A tiger's hindlimbs are longer than the forelimbs, an adaptation for jumping.
b. The forelimbs and shoulders are well-muscled, and the forelegs can twist inward, enabling the tiger to grab and hold large prey.
-A tiger's head is rounded and shortened, and the eyes face forward.
2. The jaws are short and powerful, and generally contain 30 teeth.
a. Incisor teeth help to grab hold of prey as well as pull meat off bones.
b. Canine teeth are used for biting and killing.
c. Premolars and molars are used for tearing and chewing. The carnassials of cats (the fourth upper premolar and the first lower molar on each side of the jaw) are the most scissorlike of all carnivores. They function like knife blades to slice meat.


Objective 7:





Objective 8

Symbiotic Relations:

Mutualism:

Mutualism is the process in which species biologically interact and benefit of each other.

Commensalism:
Commensalism is when one species benefits of of another species leaving it unharmed

Parasitism:

Parasitism is when an organism live of of a host making it suffer.

Symbiotic relationships of a tiger:


Mutualism:

-Could not be found

Commensalism:
- Tiger's contain bacterias in its buttox feeds of the faeces

Parasitism:
-Fleas



Objective 9:

Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Animalia
Phylum:
Chordata
Class:
Mammalia
Order:
Carnivora
Family:
Felidae
Subfamily:
Pantherinae
Genus:
Panthera
Species:
Panthera tigris
Subspecies:
Panthera tigris tigris
From wikipedia

What is a Panthera:
Panthera is a genus from the cat family. This genus make up half the pantherinae sub family (The big cats). "The Big Cats" as it is a more common name consists of Tigers, Lions, Leopards and Jaguars.

The panthera tigris family consists of the:
  • Panthera tigris(tiger in general)
    • Panthera tigris altaica (Siberian tiger)
    • Panthera tigris amoyensis (South China tiger)
    • Panthera tigris balica (Balinese tiger)
    • Panthera tigris corbetti (Indochinese tiger)
    • Panthera tigris jacksoni (Malayan tiger)
    • Panthera tigris sondaica (Javan tiger)
    • Panthera tigris sumatrae (Sumatran tiger)
    • Panthera tigris tigris (Bengal tiger)
    • Panthera tigris trinilensis (Trinil tiger)
    • Panthera tigris virgata (Caspian tiger)


Objective 10:


Different Tigers from different parts of the world have different names even though they look the same because of their Adaption features or the environment they are adapted to because of the environment of the country they are in.
Take the Siberian for example:
  • Skin: Siberian Tigers have white fur to camoflouge with the Snow. Where as the Bengal Tiger has Yellow orangeish fur to camoflouge with the Sun
  • Stripes: Both Siberian and Bengal Tiger have black stripes so that they can blend in with the branches
  • Fur: The Siberian tiger will have thicker fur because it needs warmth in the snow where as the bengal tigers' fur is pretty thin because they live in a Warm forest.


Objective 11:


Organisms In a Bengal tigers environment:


Screen_shot_2012-05-31_at_8.30.33_AM.png



Objective 12:


Body Part
Adpation
Hair
Helps adapt to the temperature of the environment
Long hair keeps warm and Short hair lets in the wind
Skin
If a person is injured and part of their skin tears off their new skin will automatically
grow back.
Bacterias
Bacterias help us digest different sorts of food by taking the bad part away
Blood Cells
Blood cells help fight off diseases and germs that enter our body
Appetite
We can frequently change our appetite which helps us in surviving in any given situation
Muscle
Our muscles are flexible which helps us to comfortable stay in one position
Brain
Our brain takes in all the information from our senses and remembers it and makes us do sensible things.

Bibliography:


1.) Gopal, and Chauhan. "Biodiversity and Its Conservation in the Sundarban Mangrove
Ecosystem." Eco system based management. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2012.
<http://portal.nceas.ucsb.edu/working_group/valuation-of-coastal-habitats/
relevant-papers/various-mangroves-related-papers/
Gopal%20and%20Chauhan,%202006.pdf>.

2.) Wikipedia. "Bengal Tiger." Wikipedia. Wikimedia, 27 May 2012. Web. 29 May 2012.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_tiger>.

3.)Tim, and Moby. BrainPOP. BrainPOP, n.d. Web. 30 May 2012.
<http://www.brainpop.com/science/ecologyandbehavior/symbiosis/>.