Gold_Award.png


LEOPARDS

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION: PANTHERA PARDUS
external image leopard_606_600x450.jpg
eojin_leopard.jpg


Index


Page No.
Objective No.
Title
Sub-Titles
1
1 & 2
Basic Facts & Researches
- Task Checklist
- Good Questions
- Links
- Basic Facts
- Location of Leopards' Habitats
- Research
2
3
Decomposers, Food Chain, Habitats and Food Web
- Decomposers
- Food Chain
- Food Web
- Habitats
3
4a
Environment
- Leopard's envirpnment
- Non living conditions in grasslands
- Non living conditions in grasslands and leopards' adaptation
4
4b
Ecosystem
- Brain Pop Notes
- Definition of Ecosystem
- Definition of Environment
- Difference Between Ecosystem and Environment
5
5
Adaptation of Leopards
- Example (Michael Ng)
- My Animal's Features
6
6
Diurnal & Nocturnal

7
7
Season Changes

8
8
Symbiotic Relationships
- Definition of Symbiotic Relationships
- 3 Examples of Symbiotic Relationships of Leopards
9
9
Variation and Features
- Different Variation of Leopards
10
10
Variations Inherited or Caused By the Environment

11
11
Organisms

12
12
Adaptation (Features of Our Body)
- Notes
- Examples
13
-
(additional) Behaviors

14
-
Good websites / Resources
-
15
-
Glossary
-
16
-
Contact Information
-
17
-
Survey




Page 1 - BASIC FACTS & RESEARCHES


Objective 1 & 2


19th April, 2012

TASK CHECKLIST
(it is edited throughout the project)
( O = Did it / X = Couldn't do it / (blank) = Did not do it yet )
( O = Finished / M = In the middle of / - = Same as above )
Objective No.
Task
Check
Lessons Finished In Class
1&2
Make a checklist
O
O

Choose a well-researched animal
O
-

Explore Wiki Space
O
-

Do a quick research on the internet or the library for resources
O
-

Write good questions that you will work on later
O
-

Make a vocabulary table for science words relevant to the unit
O
-

Make plans to give references
O
-
3
Describe role of decomposer (At least one paragraph)
O
O

Give examples of decomposers, with appropriate pictures. (at least 3 examples, including microorganism)
O
-

Respond to 'Are there differences between parasites and decomposers?'
O
-

List animals and organisms in your animal's habitat. Classify them according to
a) primary, secondary, tertiary consumers, etc b) carnivores, herbivores, omnivores, decomposers
O
-

Describe habitat and your animal's habitat.
O
-

Create a food web
O
-

A corner of your poster should describe your animal's habitat
X
-

When your food web poster is complete, take a good picture and paste it into your science wiki
O
-

Describe the role of bacteria in food chains
O
-

(additional) Demonstrate how leopards live in any format
O

4a
Describe and illustrate your animal's environment, with a suitable picture of your animal in its environment
O
O

Describe your animal's environment
O
-

Organize the non-living factors of your environment into a table and explain how your animal
adapt to the non-living factors
O
-

(additional) Describe some of the non-living factors in a few sentences, maximum a paragraph
O
-
4b
Give a general description of ecosystem
O
O

Describe the ecosystem of your animal. Include an appropriate and labelled picture of the ecosystem
O
-

(additional) Describe the difference between ecosystem and environment.
O
-

(additional) Define environment
O
-
5
Describe the features of your animal that allow it to adapt well to it's environment and explain how these
features help it to survive. There are three types of features - external, internal and behavioral. The format
is up to you.
O
O
6
Describe your animal as either diurnal or nocturnal animals
O
-

Describe the feature that allow your animal to adapt as diurnal or nocturnal animal
O
-
7
Describe the season your animal is living in; 4 seasons or tropical
O
-

Describe how your animal is adapted to seasonal changes
O
-
8
Describe the feeding and symbiotic (parasitism, mutualism, etc) relationship that your animal has with
organisms in it's habitat.
O
O

Watch 'symbiosis' from BrainPop.
O
-
9
Describe the features of your animal that identify it as a species
O
O

Describe variations between members of your species (e.g. snow leopards, African leopards)
O
-
10
Describe how variations are inherited or caused by environment
O
O
11
Classify organisms in your animal's environment according to types of living things: animals, plants,
microorganisms and fungi
O
O

Classify organisms in your animal's environment according to vertebrate or invertebrate
O
-

Classify organisms in your animal's environment according to types of vertebrates: mammals, birds,
reptiles, amphibians and fish or invertebrates: jellyfish, starfish, roundworms, segmented worms,
molluscs and arthropods.
O
-
12
Describe the features of your body that allow you to adapt so well to your environment.
O
O

GOOD QUESTIONS
- How do leopards adapt to their habitat's climate?
- How do leopards interact with other carnivores?
- Where are the leopards' shelters?

LINKS
Science Journal
Link(Google Doc)
(The document is only viewable by me, so if you want to view the document please send an email to ejlee@tokyois.com)

BASIC FACTS
Link
Name of animal: Leopard
Diet: Carnivores
Link
Scientific Classification: Panthera Pardus
Size / Weight: about 28 inches to shoulder, maximum 140 pounds.
Lifespan: 21 years
Habitat: Bush and grasslands
Diet: Carnivore
Link
Family: Felidae *1
Subfamily: Felinae *2
Genus: Panthera *3

Species: Panthera pardus *4
Charging Speed: 80km/h / 50mph
Gestation period 3 1/2 months

*1 Felidae - a biological family of cats, including animals such as; tigers, leopards, jaguars, cheetah, etc. They mostly have patterned fur, short limbs, soft pads on the feet, and sharp and carved claws. They also have powerful jaws with strong teeth inside, which perfectly matches for tearing, and they have typical eyes with narrow pupils, which are useful to see things in dim light.

*2 Felinae - a subfamily of the cats including animals such as; cheetah, leopard, jaguars, etc.

*3 Panthera - a genra which includes the animals like; lions, leopards; tigers, cheetahs, jaguars, snow leopards, etc.

*4 Panthera pardus - a species of leopards

LOCATION OF LEOPARDS' HABITATS
(Africa, south of the Sahara desert, in Asia, and more)


RESEARCH
(Book) Leopard ; Habitats, Life Cycles, Food Chains, Threats

page. 4~5
- one of the most widespread member of the cat family
- the third largest (the first and second are the lion and the tiger)
- Habitat: Africa, south of the Sahara desert, and in Asia
- good sense of hearing
- firm teeth shaped for killing the prey and tearing the flesh
- claws used for climbing up trees and killing animals
- it runs at the speed of 60k/h
- it can jump over an area of 6m x 3m (length x height)

page. 6~7
- able to jump, climb, run and swim
- live in grasslands, woodlands, riverside forests
- able to survive in any environment with thick vegetation
- patterns on their coat camouflage them in grasslands, as long as they do
not make a movement


Page 2 - DECOMPOSERS, FOOD CHAIN, HABITATS AND FOOD WEB


Objective 3


24th April, 2012

DECOMPOSER
De composers, which are also called saprobes, are organisms that recycle nutrition. They break down dead or decaying organisms, or their waste, and then recycle the nutrition. They break down dead organisms, then release any substance that would be useful for other animals. Some of the examples are fungi, mold, ants, bacteria, worms, maggots etc. They play an important role in the food web / food chain. Since they recycle dead bodies, if they were gone, the whole food web would break down. And because there would be dead bodies everywhere, and there won't be as much nutrient for the other animals to live with. So the conclusion would be that the animals and plants would start to starve, and us humans would also starve since we depend on animals and plants for our food.

Sources:
Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers

220px-Amanita_phalloides_1.JPG
worm.jpg
220px-Water_mold_Mizukabi_colony.jpg
Mushrooms
Mold
Earthworms

FOOD CHAIN
A food chain is when the diet of animals and organisms in a ecosystem are linked together.

What is a "food chain"? (Link)
A food chain shows how the organisms' foods link together in a form of a chain. Food chains are made out of main three types of groups; the producers, the consumers, and the decomposers. Plants such as trees, shrubs, grass, etc. are called "primary producers". They are called the primary producers because they use the process of "photosynthesis" to produce their own food. Photosynthesis is a process of converting the light energy to chemical energy. The food made goes are stored in a bond of sugar. Herbivores such as deers, monkeys, and rabbits are called the "primary consumers". They eat the primary producers, meaning they only feed on plants. "Secondary consumers" are organisms such as leopards, lions, foxes, etc. They only feed on meat, and they eat the primary consumers. There are omnivores, who are organisms that feed on both meat and plants. Humans are included in as omnivores, unless you are a vegetarian or such. The "decomposers" are organisms such as worms
Link: http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/foodchain/
eojin_sample_food_chain.GIF

FOOD WEB
A food web is made out of many interconnected and overlapping food chains. In a food web, an organism or more rely on an other animal for diet, while another organism is relying on that animal.
Link: http://www.mlms.loganschools.org/~mlowe/GrasslandWeb.jpg
eojinlee_food_web_example.jpg

Food Web Poster
leopard.jpg
Reflection: Our class were the first class to create this poster, so we had less information and had non of the updates that Michael kept telling to the other classes. So I did not know that we had to write a description about my animal's habitat on the poster. But, I did miss out on one part. I did not put an example of a tertiary consumer, or the labels for all the animals describing which kind of consumer, etc. they are. I also did not do a good job on display and presenting work, because I was in a hurry.

HABITATS
Animals or Organisms in My Animal's Habitat

In grasslands, the animals and organisms are usually herbivores are carnivores. Although there are not a lot of omnivores as much as the amount of carnivores and herbivores, you can still find quite a lot of omnivores, such as coyotes, ants, rodents, etc.

Grassland Animals
Primary Producer
Primary Consumer
Secondary Consumer
Tertiary Consumer
Scavenger
Trees
Grasshopper
Leopards
Snakes
Vultures
Bushes
Rabbits
Foxes

Hyenas
Grass
Squirrels


Jackals

Deers




Bluejays




Caterpillars




Herbivores
Carnivores
Omnivores
Decomposers
Deers
Foxes
Coyotes
Worms
Monkeys
Wolf
Ants
Bacteria
Bison
Weasels
Rats

Rabbits
Ferret
Ostriches

Grasshoppers
Badgers


Bluejays
Snakes


Caterpillars



Pronghorn



Squirrels



Zebras



Giraffe



Antelopes




Habitat (Link, Link)
Habitat is a place or an area where organisms such as animals and plants grow and live naturally. A habitat is made up of physical factors; soil, moisture, sunlight, and also biotic factors; food, predators, etc. A habitat is not geographical, but for parasitic organisms, a habitat could be the body of its host.

Leopards' Habitat (Link)
There are a quite a lot of leopard's habitats, so I am just going to focus mostly on grasslands. Leopards' habitats are in Sahara, Africa, along the North African coast, to the Arabian Peninsula, the Middle East, to South and South East Asia to the Amur Valley in the east of Russia. Leopards live in semi-deserts, forests, moderate regions, subtropical forests, tropical rainforests, and grasslands. Zoologists have found 12 subspecies in Africa and 16 subspecies in Asia and the Middle East. Leopards usually habit where it is sufficient to find cover to hide and stalk their prey. In open countries, they use shrubs or grass tufts to cover from their prey. Another advantage to the leopards is that the patterns of their skin is a perfect camouflage. Leopard prefer to eat prey that weigh about 20 to 50kg. Their prey are calves, deers, antelope, wide boar, goats, as well as sheet and buffalo. They could also catch porcupine, jungle fowl, monkeys and sometimes stray dogs in the villages.

Semi Deserts
Forests
Tropical Rainforests
Grasslands
eojin_semi_deserts.jpg
eojin_dry_forest.jpg
eojin_rainforest.jpg
eojin_grassland.jpg

PARASITES AND DECOMPOSERS

Differences Between Parasites and Decomposers
Parasitism is when an organism gains from another organism. Few examples are humans and pigs; the humans kill the pigs for meat, and that also applies for cows, chicken, horse, crocodiles, etc. The humans are also parasites for all the animals who lived in rainforests and places that are almost extinct currently, because humans had taken down forests, tropical places, for their greed.

No.
Organisms
Why?
1
Humans & Pigs
Supplies for meat
2
Humans & Cows
Supplies for meat
3
Humans & Chicken
Supplies for meat
4
Humans & Horse
Supplies for meat
5
Humans & Crocodiles
Supplies for meat

Some examples of parasitism relationship with a leopard and another animal are the leopard and their prey, such as monkeys, deers, boar, etc.

No.
Organisms
Why?
1
Leopards & Monkeys
Monkeys are leopards' prey
2
Leopards & Deers
Deers are leopards' prey
3
Leopards & Boars
Boars are leopards' prey


Page 3 - ENVIRONMENT


Objective 4A


8th May, 2012

Notes (from class)
- In-text Citation (Use Noodle Bib MLA citation)
- At least 2 to score full mark
- Difference between environment and ecosystem
- More than 1 picture
- Describe living component in the environment in the food web
- Environment has living and non-living things
- Conditions of the environment (non-living things)
- Connection between living and conditions
- Living things adapt to the conditions
- Perish = Extinct

Task
Describe the environment of my animal and show a picture of them in one
Describe the conditions of the animal's environment
Difference between ecosystem and environment

LEOPARD'S ENVIRONMENT

Link
Leopard's environment can be cold or warm. They can adapt to both climates. Their adaptability has helped them survive from the humans and the loss of thier habitats.
Leopard in forest
Leopard in Grassland; Getting some sunlight
Leopard in snow (snow leopard)
external image Leopard-03.jpg
external image Leopardingrass800web.jpg
external image Snow-Leopard.jpg

NON-LIVING CONDITIONS IN GRASSLANDS
1. Average Amount of Sunlight in Grasslands
2. Grasslands (short)
3. Brief Summary About Grasslands
4. Grasslands (long)

Average Amount of Sunlight: In dry areas, the temperature is between 35 to 55 degrees. The average amount of sunlight the Prairie regions in North America gets about 12.1 hours in a day, and grasslands in Russia and the Pampas gets about 12.2 hours average a day. (1)

Average Amount of Rainfall:The average amount of rainfall is about 10 to 60cm. (3)The average grasslands have about 10 to 30 inches, and sub-tropical grasslands have from 25 to 60 inches per year. (2)

Average Temperature: The average lowest temperature in grasslands in general are down to -40˚F, which are in the winter time. In the summer time, the temperature goes up to about 70˚F average. (2) That is approximately -2˚C to 26˚C. (3)

Average Humidity: The average humidity for all of the grasslands are between 70 to 75%. The values get lower in summer and higher in the winter time. (4)

9th May, 2012

THE NON-LIVING FACTORS AND THE ADAPTION
No.
Non-living factors
Adaptation
1
Average amount of sunlight - about 12.1 hours in a day
Leopards can adapt to both cold and warm places, so leopards adapt to less amount of sunlight
by having a thick coat.
2
Average amount of rainfall - about 10 to 60cm per year
Leopards are good swimmers, so if there is a flood or such, they can swim out. Since they are
also good climbers, they can stay on a tree branch.
3
Average temperature - lowest to -40˚F, highest up to 70˚F
Leopards can adapt to both cold and warm places, so leopards adapt to less amount of sunlight
by having a thick coat.
4
Average humidity - 70% to 75%
Leopards can adapt to both cold and warm places, so leopards adapt to less amount of sunlight
by having a thick coat.



Page 4 - ECOSYSTEM


Objective 4B


25th April

Task
Watch Brain Pop (take notes in wiki) on Ecosystems
Find a picture of my animal in its habitat

BRAIN POP NOTES
- Ecosystem is made up of living and non-living things which interact with each other.
- Usually categorized by the amount of natural resource they get; such as the amount of sunlight and water
- e.g. Deserts are dry so they get little amount of water. Therefore organisms that lives in deserts have to be able to survive without so much water. Deserts have delicate soil and not so efficient for growing things. So in order for the animals and plants to live in the desert ecosystem, they have to adapt to the environment. For example, Cacti can store water, and some animals sleep underground where the temperature is lower. Owls are active at night, also because the temperature is lower.
- In an ecosystem, the communities are divided into different populations.

8th May

DEFINITION OF ECOSYSTEM
Merriam-Webster's Word Central - A system made up of an ecological community of living things interacting with their environment especially under natural conditions
Merriam-Webster - The complex of a community of organisms and its environment functioning as an ecological unit
My Definition - A community of organisms that interact between each other with their environment functioning under natural conditions.

DEFINITION OF ENVIRONMENT
Merriam-Webster's Word Central - The surrounding conditions or forces that influence or modify the form and the ability to survive of a plant or animal or ecological community
Merriam-Webster - The complex of physical, chemical, and biotic factors (as climate, soil, and living things) that act upon an organism or an ecological community and ultimately determine its form and survival
My Definition -The surrounding conditions which influence or cause the organisms and the communities to adapt or form an ability to survive.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ENVIRONMENT AND ECOSYSTEM

An ecosystem is a community of organisms that interact between each other with their environment functioning under natural conditions. An environment is the surrounding conditions which influence or cause the organisms and the communities to adapt or form an ability to survive. The difference between ecosystem and the environment is that an ecosystem is where organisms interact with each other, but an environment is where organisms have to form an ability to adapt to different conditions.

LEOPARDS' ECOSYSTEM
Leopards live in grasslands, forests, rainforest, etc.

Leopard in grassland
Leopard in forest
Leopard in rainforest
external image leopard-on-the-african-grasslands-8c740.jpg
external image Leopard-Nagarhole-Forest-thumb-600xauto-1508.jpg
external image baby_leopard_climbing.jpg



Page 5 - ADAPTATION OF LEOPARDS


Objective 5


15th April

Task
Draw out a diagram for the external, physical, and behavioral features. (I am using Bubbl.us)

EXAMPLE (MICHAEL NG)
The following table and flow chart is an example from Michael Ng, showing the physical (external and internal) and behavioral features.

Type of Adaption
Physical

Type of Physical Adaption
External
Internal
Examples
Fur
Cow (4 stomachs)

Type of Adaption
Behavioral
Examples
Hibernation

eojin_bubbl.us_example.png

MY ANIMALS' FEATURES

-The following tables and flow chart explains my animal's external, physical, and behavioral features that have them adapt to their environment.

External Features
No.
Features
Description
Link
1
Fur patterns
The spots on the leopards' furs help them camouflage to the grassland because of how the colors match with
the grassland colors. The colors are light buff tawny, etc. for warmer and drier grasslands and deep forests. The rosettes, which are are rose-shaped spots on the leopards, are circular in East African leopards, but Southern African leopards have squarish rosettes. They are different to match the colors or the theme of different grasslands around the world.
Link
2
Padded feet
Leopards have a pad under their feet, which help them adapt to the ground texture of the grassland. It protects their feet, and it is useful when they are running.

3
Claws
Leopards' sharp and retractile claws help them climb trees and tear their prey

Internal Features
No.
Features
Description
Link
1
Teeth
Their sharp teeth help them catch and kill their preys, as well as tearing them up.


Behavioral Features
No
Features
Description
Link
1
Dietary Flexibility
Being flexible on their diet help the leopards to adapt to the environment more. Leopards eat a large range of prey, so that the prey gets in their
sight more often.


Screen_shot_2012-05-30_at_6.29.26_AM.png



Page 6 - Diurnal & Nocturnal

Objective 6


Definition of...

Diurnal: Being active in the daytime
Nocturnal: Being active in the nighttime

Leopards are usually nocturnal, but they are occasionally seen during the day also. Leopards have narrow pupils, which help them see clearly through the dim light. Their long whiskers help them not get into obstacles in the night time.

Leopards in night time:
external image draw-leopard-kids-800x800.jpg


Page 7 - Season Changes


Objective 7


For leopards in far Eastern Asia, where 1.3˚ degrees and risen in the past century, are endangered because there is a high possibility that their main preys such as deers and boars would move to a new area as the climate changes. Link

Leopards are able to survive in both warm and cold places, but since they live in so high elevations, they are more adapted to cold climates and winter. Their thick coats prevent them from snow and getting cold. Leopards can also live in tropical rainforests, and they can climb up high, where the temperature is lower.
Leopard in rainforest (Tropical)
Leopard in winter
external image clouded-leopards@body.jpg
Melbourne+Zoo+Snow+Leopards+Bears+Enjoy+Snowy+rn8OyTJSmqkl.jpg


Page 8 - SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP


Objective 8


22nd May, 2012

DEFINITION OF SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP

Mutualism = both animals benefit

Parasitism = One animal benefit & Other animal is harmed
Ex. Cheetah and vulture: The cheetah can't eat more because the vulture chase away the cheetah while it is eating its prey, and then the vulture eat up the rest of the food.

Commensalism = One animal benefit & Other animal does not get effected
Ex. flies and cows - cows get annoyed by waste eating flies
Ex. cheetah leave bones behind for the vultures

3 EXAMPLES OF SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIPS OF LEOPARDS

(link for No. 2)
No.
Type of Symbiotic Relationship
Examples
Description
1
Mutualism
Leopards & Trees
The leopard goes on to the tree for shelter and preys on the tree. The preys, who were eating off the
fruits on the tree, get caught by the leopard, so the tree gets benefit by keeping its fruit.
2
Parasitism
Leopards & Monkeys
The leopard is the predator to the monkeys, so the leopard gets benefit as the monkey as a prey,
and the monkey is harmed.
3
Commensalism
Leopards & Hyenas
The hyenas eat up the rest of the leopard's prey, so leopards eat less amount of food than they were
expecting to, because the hyenas have ate them.


Page 9 - VARIATION AND FEATURES


Objective 9


FEATURES OF LEOPARDS
  • Have rosettes on their coat
  • Padded feet
  • Retractile claws
  • Long whiskers
  • Comparatively short limbs
  • Narrow pupils

external image tumblr_ljmkn14leJ1qatyxoo1_500.jpg
external image snowl2
external image Close-up-of-cheetah-paw-showing-non-retractable-claws.jpg
external image 3009189.jpg
external image leopard_large.jpg
Screen shot 2012-05-31 at 11.13.06 AM.png
Rosettes
Padded Feet
Claws
Long Whiskers
Comparatively short limbs
Narrow Pupils


DIFFERENT VARIATION OF LEOPARDS
Link
No.
Name
Scientific Classification
Description
1
African Leopard
Panthera pardus pardus

2
Arabian Leopard
Panthera pardus nimr
- Critically endangered (population less than 250)
- Habitat loss is the main cause of endanger
- Largest population lives in Dhofar mountains of southern Oman
3
Leopards in Central Asia
Panthera pardus saxicolor
- Endangered
4
Leopards in Java
Panthera pardus melas

5
Leopard in Sri Lanka
Panthera pardus kotiya

6
Leopards in Indian sub-continent
Panthera pardus fusca

7
Leopards in Southern Asia
Panthera pardus delacourii

8
Leopards in Northern China
Panthera pardus japonensis

9
Russian Far East,
Korean peninsula & NE China
Panthera pardus orientalis




Page 10 - VARIATIONS INHERITED OR CAUSED BY ENVIRONMENT


Objective 10

No.
Description
Why?
1
Padded feet
For walking on the ground safely, they have padded feet. It also helps them walk quietly behind their prey.
2
Rosettes
The rosettes on the leopards' coat are blended with the colors of the grasslands
3
Ability to Climb trees
In grasslands there are a lot of trees, and trees are leopards' shelter and resting place. They usually sleep or rest there.


Page 11 - ORGANISMS


Objective 11


Organisms:
No.
Animal
Vertebrate
/ Invertebrate
Type of animal
1
Deers
Vertebrate
Mammals
2
Rabbits
Vertebrate
Mammals
3
Wolf
Vertebrate
Mammals
4
Worms
Invertebrate
Insect
5
Ants
Vertebrate
Insect
6
Snakes
Vertebrate
Reptile
7
Caterpillars
Invertebrate
Insect

Plants:
No.
Plants
1
Turkey Feet / Beard Grass
2
Koeleria
3
Andropogon

Micro-Organisms:
No.
Name
1
lactic acid bacteria
2
enterobacteria
3
diazotrophic bacteria (on roots and soil)

Fungi: (Link)
- Types of mushrooms
No.
Name
1
Waxcap
2
The Blusher
3
Ballerina Waxcap


Page 12 - ADAPTION (FEATURES OF OUR BODY)


Objective 12


9th May, 2012

NOTES
- much more hard surfaces in modern days - cement, etc., compared to the softer ground in the past - soil, dirt, etc.
- conditions we live in modern days: electricity, mineral water, cement, etc.
- how do people adapt to hard grounds: shoes (cushion shoes), transportation, vehicle
- technology should make our tasks go faster
- modern humans are getting more spoiled by technology
- use phones to online shop in subway
- dating system (on internet) - online predators use women as the carrier of drug or illegal substance
- online entrapment : attract them and threaten to take the embarrassing photos online unless they pay money to them
- criminals adapt to the modern world

EXAMPLES
- penguins have white stomach and black back, because when predators look from the bottom of the sea, they would think that the swimming penguin's white belly is the sun shiny from outside the water, and if predators look from the top, they would think the swimming penguin is just the water that looks black from a high place.

My adaptation:

No.
Features
Type of features
Why?
How do I adapt?
1
Long fingers
External
Played piano since 6 year old
I find it useful when I play piano.
2
Short fingernails
External
I have comparatively short fingernails, like my dad.
I grow them to the right size, but keep it clean all the time.
3
Tanned skin
External
Went to a tropical or hot places in the summer vacation
Whenever I go out, I put on sunscreen
(low for winter and high for summer)
4
two uvulas
Internal
I do not know, but the amount of it depends on the person
It doesn't effect me at all, except that I am different from
most people
5
Do not have the
root for wisdom tooth
Internal
This is temporary, but this depends on the person also
It is an advantage to me, because wisdom tooth needs a
lot of care since it is not easily brushed by a toothbrush,
and it hurts a lot when it come up and when you have to
pull it out.
6
Bite my nails
Behavioral
When I am bored or listening to someone, I tend to bite
my nails, and it has become a habit
I am trying to do it, since biting your nails is not good for
you, and I am getting better at not biting my nails. One way
to prevent biting your nails is to put on manicure. I know
that manicure is very not good for you when you eat it, so
I automatically not bite my nails.
7
Peel of the hanging
skins around my nails
Behavioral
When a skin is hanging around my nail, I tend to take it
off with my fingers instead of a clipper. It is probably
because I dot not like them hanging around (it hurts when
you move it on an object), so I hurry up and take it off with
my fingers instead of being patient and getting the nail
clipper.
I try to sleep enough, so that the skin wouldn't hand around


Page 13 - BEHAVIORS (ADDITIONAL)


Leopards are solitary animals, meaning they prefer living individually, and try to avoid one another. Each leopard has a home range which usually overlaps with neighbors.
For most of the times the males have a larger range than the females. The leopards usually only use their range to mate, but unexpected entrances of others can create fights.

Leopards move their territories continuously, only staying in one place for 2 or 3 days. Leopards mark their territories with claw marks to tell the other leopards that the area is taken.


Page 14 - GLOSSARY


No.
Vocabulary
Definition
Notes
1
Ecosystem
In a ecosystem, there are interactions between living and non living things.

2
Saphrobes
Saphrobes is another word for decomposers.

3
Habitat


4
Environment
The surrounding conditions which influence or cause the organisms and the communities
to adapt or form an ability to survive.

5
Decomposer
Decomposers play an important role in the food web / food chain. They recycle dead bodies
of organisms and return all the basic components back into the soil.

6
Comsumer
Consumers are organisms that rely on other organisms for their eating systems.

7
Scavenger
Scavengers are organisms that eat up dead or decaying organisms (e.g. vulture, hyena)

8
Bacteria


9
Anti Bacteria


10
Omnivore
Omnivore is called for organisms that eat plants and meat.

11
Carnivore
Carnivore animals are organisms that eat meat.

12
Herbivore
Herbivore animals only eat plants.

13
Population
Population is what you call the amount of those species

14
Temperature
Temperature is what tells the climate and how hot/cold it is.

15
Food Web
Food web is a overlapped food chain.

16
Food Chain
Food chain is a system of animals' diets.

17
Organism
Organism is any type of living things such as humans, animals and plants.

18
Features
Features are shape or appearance, or special things that stands out from others.
Little help from World Central
19
Adaptation
Adaptation is how they adapt or get used to the environment around them.

20
Internal
Internal is something that happens or are inside an object, an organism, etc.

21
External
External is opposite to internal, so it is something is is outer and sometimes visual.

22
Behavioral
It is when something happens that relates to behaviors and its actions/reactions.

23
Photosynthesis
It is when plants convert the light energy from the sun to chemical energy and then store sugar
in a form of a bond.


Page 15 - GOOD WEBSITES / RESOURCES

(Please click on the links)

No.
Link
Bibliography
Rating ?/5
1
How Leopard Adapt to the Habitats
“Leopard .” African Wildlife Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://www.awf.org/content/wildlife/detail/leopard>.
OOOO
2
Leopard Facts
Janssen, Paul. “Leopard.” Out to Afrcia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://www.outtoafrica.nl/animals/engleopard.html?zenden=2&subsoort_id=2&bestemming_id=1>.
OOOO
3
Food Chains / Webs and Its Roles
“Food Chains and Food Webs.” Enchanted Learning. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://www.enchantedlearning.com/Citing.shtml>.
OOO
4
How Leopards Adapt
“Leoaprd Adaptation.” Leopard. N.p., 2009. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://leopardanimal.com/leopard-facts/leopard-adaptations.php>.
OOO
5
Different Habitats
“Grasslands.” WFF Global. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/ecoregions/about/habitat_types/habitats/grasslands/>.
OO
6
Grassland Animals
“Grasslands.” Grasslands. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2012. <ths.sps.lane.edu/biomes/grassland4/grassland4.html>.
OO
7
Basic Facts of a Leopard
“Basic Facts About Leopards.” Defenders of Wildlife. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://www.defenders.org/leopard/basic-facts>.
OOO
8
Photosynthesis
Carter, J. Stein. “Photosynthesis.” Photosynthesis. N.p., 3 Nov. 2004. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://biology.clc.uc.edu/courses/bio104/photosyn.htm>.
OOO
9
Symbiotic Relationships of Wild Cats
“WildCat’s Prey Index.” Tigerhomes.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://www.tigerhomes.org/wild-cats/cats-prey.cfm>.
OOOO
10
Variation of Leopards
“Leopard Subspecies.” Pictures of Cats. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://www.pictures-of-cats.org/leopard-subspecies.html>.
OOOO
11



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