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Tigers



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Brief Description:

The Tiger is the largest cat species, with a length of around 3.3 meters and weighs around 300kg. Their most common description is dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur. In zoos, tigers have lived for 20 to 26 years, which is also how long they live in the wild. Tigers are very social and like to have a family.

Characteristics:
Tigers are super muscular. Tigers have very strong legs and a large head. The Tigers face is framed by white hairs that form whiskers. The tigers eyes are circular with yellow edges. The Tigers small ears are round and black on the edge and te middle is white .
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Tigers Habitat: (More Below)
Tigers are found all over Asia. Most Tigers are found in India. Tiger populations are gradually moving west along Asia. Tigers are found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.
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Hunting/Diet:
Tigers usually feed on medium sized prey. Tigers also sometimes prey on other carnivores like crocodiles, leopards and snakes. Sometimes Tigers will go for smaller prey as-well like fish.
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Threats:
Global warming is happening and tigers are feeling the heat. ocean levels rare rising and tigers are losing habitat because of floods and high tides. Rising seawater is also emptying into lakes and rivers making the waetr salty. This is forcing the tigers to move north towards areas full of humans and making animal/human conflicts allot more common.
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In this clip 1:00 to 1:55 shows how human like tigers are. It is about a Tiger named Machly raising a family and keeping them disciplined.


Food Web:
A food web is a system of overlaping food chains, food webs are used to show what something eats. The food web i have made shows what a Tiger eats. My food web also explains the difference between carnivores and herbivores, secondary consumers, primary consumers and producers.

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Click to view a easier to read version of this food web on Google docs. (NOTE: This version does not include: carnivore, producer etc)
Food Chain:
A food chain is a series of links explaining the order an animals diet goes in eg. a shark eats big fish, big fish eat small fish, small fish eat krill, krill eat plankton etc. here is an example of a food chain:
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This food chain also explains the carnivores and herbivores and types of consumers and producers.

Tiger's Habitat:

Tigers are only found in Asia. Most Tigers are found in India. There are many different types of Tiger that all live in different places. Most types live in the forest or jungle but some live in grasslands. Tigers are threatened with extinction, there are only around 3,800 Tigers left in the world. Tigers play a vital role in the food chain and if they become extinct other animals will rise in population and soon fall to extiction. Some of the animals in the tigers habitat are cheetahs, bears, buffalo, wild boar and gazzelle.

Animals in the Tigers Habitat:

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Gazelle
Deer
Boar
Warthog
Cheetah
Buffalo
Antelope
Monkeys
Crocodiles
Wild Dogs
Boa Snakes


View Larger Map
Animal
What it Eats
Gazelle
  • Leaves
  • Grass
  • Acorns
Deer
  • Leaves
  • Grass
  • Acorns
Boar
  • Leaves
  • Grass
  • Acorns
  • Vegetables
Warthog
  • Leaves
  • Grass
  • Acorns
  • Vegetables
Cheetah
  • Deer
  • Gazelle
  • Antelope
  • Buffalo
  • Warthog
  • Boar
Buffalo
  • Leaves
  • Grass
  • Acorns
Antelope
  • Leaves
  • Grass
  • Acorns
Monkeys
  • Leaves
  • Grass
  • Acorns
  • Fruits
  • Insects
Crocodiles
  • Deer
  • Gazelle
  • Antelope
  • Buffalo
  • Warthog
Wild Dogs
  • Boar
  • Gazelle
Boa Snakes
  • Gazelle
  • Warthog
  • Boar
  • Insects
  • Monkeys

Animal
What eats it
Gazelle
  • Cheetah
  • Crocodiles
  • Wild Dogs
  • Boa Snakes
Deer
  • Cheetah
  • Crocodile
Boar
  • Cheetah
  • Wild Dogs
  • Boa Snakes
Warthog
  • Cheetah
  • Crocodiles
  • Boa Snakes
Cheetah
-
Buffalo
  • Cheetah
  • Crocodiles
Antalope
  • Cheetah
  • Crocodiles
Monkeys
  • Boa Snakes
Crocadiles
-
Wild Dogs
-
Boa Snakes
-

Decomposers
Decomposers are the lifeforms that eat dead animals and plants. Most decomposers like worms provide nutrients to plants. Here are three types of decomposer.

Vulture:

The Vulture is a bird that feeds on the remains of dead animals. Vultures usually eat in big groups. There are two types of Vultures, Old world and New world. Old world find dead animals only with sight but New world vultures have a very strong sense of smell.

Worm:

The worm feeds off dirt and dead plants. Worms can only survive in moist conditions. When worms dig through the ground they leave airholes behind them providing plant roots with some air that helps them grow.

Ant:

The ant feeds of dead insects in huge groups. Ants carry peices of dead bug back to their colony to feed the queen and her children. All ants have different jobs, there are soldier ants, scavenger ants, honey pot ants, queen ants etc.
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Environment Definition:

The surroundings or habitat of a living or non-living thing.

Tigers Environment factors:

Non-Living Factors
Adaptation
Wet season from July-September 175cm of rainfall
Tigers hunt deer or boar that swim in the rivers and lakes
Lakes scattered around the forest
This provides a place for Tigers to ambush their prey
Ground is soft and damp
This allows Tigers to run silently
Leaves on the ground are dead
This provides camouflage to the Tiger

Living Factors
Adaptation
Plenty of Prey
Tigers hunt their prey
Trees provide shade to the Tigers
This provides a place for Tigers to ambush their prey
Plants and herbs everywhere
This is where the Tiger sometimes hides to catch their plant eating pra

Adaptation

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Click to view the easier to read version on Google docs.
Click to view the bubble us file on Google docs.
External
Internal
1.Tigers fur fits in with the orange and brown dead leaves on the ground
1.Tigers have sharp sences
2.Tigers claws can retract
2.Tigers have a strong stomach
3.Tigers eyes are specialized to be able to see in the dark

4.Tigers whiskers can sense touch


How the Tiger uses the External features to adapt
How the Tiger uses the Internal features to adapt
1.The Tiger uses this to hide while sleeping or hunting
1.The Tiger uses his sences to hunt
2.The Tigers claws are pulled out when slashing out at prey or to get grip when running
2.This is helpful for breaking down bones that the Tiger eats
3.The Tiger uses this to hunt at night

4.The Tiger uses this so it can feel if anything camouflaged goes by him at night


Behavioral
How it Adapts
1.The Tiger hunts alone
1.This gives them the maximum amount of food
2.Tigers are Diurnal
2.This means they hunt day and night


Diurnal or Nocturnal?

Tigers are Diurnal which means they can be awake at day and night to hunt.


Symbiotic Relationships

parasitism: One animal benefits and the other gets harmed or dies.
e.g. An Emerald Jewel wasp lays its eggs in the body of a roach and its young eats the roach out from the inside.
mutualism: Both animals benefit.
e.g. A humming bird eats the bacteria off the crocodiles teeth, the crocodile benefits from the clean teeth and the bird benefits from the snack.
commensalism: One animal benefits and the other has no effect
e.g. Flies eat the Tigers poo, the Tigers have no effect but the Fly gets nutrients from the poop.
Animal
Type of Symbiotic relationship
Why
Flies
commensalism
Flies eat the Tigers poo, the flies benefit and the tigers have no effect
Mosquitoes
parasitism
Mosquitoes suck out blood and sometimes give the Tiger diseases
Leech
parasitism
Leeches suck out allot of the Tigers blood which is dangerous for their health


GLOSSARY

Word
Meaning
Diurnal
Sleeps at day and night
Prey
Food a living thing hunts
Adaptation
The action or proses of adapting or being adapted
Environment
The surroundings or habitat of a living or non-living thing.

Citations:

"Wildcats Prey." TigerHomes.Org. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2012>

"Tiger Cam." Palm Beach Zoo. Avast Media LCC, n.d. Web. 22 May 2012.


If I'm online click below to ask any questions about Tigers

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