Mami
Giant_Panda.jpg
Animal chosen-Giant panda.
Scientific name-black and white cat-footed animal
In chinese writing;大熊猫
meaning:big bear-cat

Reasons:
  • Many reasourses
  • Close to endangerd
Skin being used for money
Deforstation



Find books that is related to the animal

Explore science wiki
Put the bibliography of the books or websites that I used
Make the food web(maybe on Google drawing)
Question What kind of other animal other then golden cat is panda's enemy?
What kinds foods pandas eat other then bamboo?

Why does the mother panda takes care of only one cub
Animals that have the same habitat as panda

Description of a giant panda
1286548978260-44945.jpgPicture of panda and her cub


Show the speciic types of pandas

Panda is a mammal and lives in China. They are quite famous in Zoo's idol. Their characteristic of body is flat nose, rondered ears, chubby body, enormous eyes and their black and white fur. People think that panda eats only bamboo or plants but actually panda is carnivore when they eat plants or meat. 99% of panda eats bamboo, but there isn’t much nutrition inside bamboo, so they have to eat many to get nutrition. If they cannot find bamboo, they can eat deer, cockroach, lizard, rat/mouse etc. Panda also breeds and the baby panda stays with their mother until at least 2 years old, but sometimes the cub stays with their mother until 3 years old. Pandas were used to believe that they are part of the raccoon family but now, there are believed to be the bear’s family.


Lesson 3Photo of the poster for panda's food

Photo_on_2012-04-25_at_11.15.jpg

  • Giant Panda
  • Bird
  • Monkey
  • Lizard
  • Cockroach
  • Ant
  • Parnish-
  • acorn
  • rat/mouse
  • golden cat
Animals that I might had used
  • Tragopan
  • Red panda
  • Monal pheasamts
  • golden monkey
  • leopards(enemy)
  • dholes(panda's worst enemy)
  • golden snub-monkey

Description of decomposer

Decomposer are mostly bacteria, insect or fungi. It is an important part of the Eco-system because decomposers break down plants, dead animals and wastes of animals. If there are no decomposers, then the environment would be bad because there would be dead plants, waste and dead animals everywhere and the air would be bad too. Examples of decomposers are be bacteria, dung beetle and ants. Scavengers have the same job as decomposers since they eat dead animal's bones. An earthworm is a scavenger but it can only break down dead plants. Similar animals such are like that are lammergeier, flies and ant etc.
http://www.qrg.northwestern.edu/projects/marssim/simhtm
l/info/whats-a-decomposer.html

Examples of decomposer
  • Dung beetle is an insect that uses animal's waste to lay eggs on.
250px-Scarabaeus_viettei_01.jpg

  • Ants are decomposer and scavenger because decomposer cleans the dead plants etc, and ants eat dead animals.
MAMI.jpg
bearded_vulture_1.jpg
  • Lammagier is a bird that eats animal's bones and they are scavengers.



Lesson 4a
Panda's habitat-In southwest China. The main forests that they live in are Sichuan,Shaanxi (Qinling mountain) and Gansu.

This is the map of China and shows the three places of where the panda lives.

shaanxi-province-map.jpg

Sichuan
Sichuan-Province-Map_mami.jpg
most_visited_country_2010_063127.jpg





Gansu
Gansu-Provincial-Map-mami.jpg
001109b42f7309a9c7a95d.jpg
Shaanxi
Shaanxi_map_by_city.mami_jpg.jpg
Shaanxi(Qunling mountain)
qinling1.jpg
Why do panda only lives here(why somewhere like desert,alaska,japan etc)

Panda's need to live in an environemnt where there are water,

Definition of environment:The air,water,mineral and organisms that live in the same place.
Definition of habitat:Where the animal's home is.

Differences of habitat and environment- Habitat is the place when the animals to rest themselves. Environment is the definition of the things that is around where the organisms live.
Similarities
Difference
  • it is where the animal lives
  • Things that the animal needs
  • Has a community
  • ecosystem is a system
  • habitat is a place















The condition of the forest that giant pandas live is mountain,rainfall,plants,air is thin.
The type of trees that are in the mountain is the large hollow fir trees.
The environment for panda is bamboo,water,rocks,tree,bushes,


The amount of rainfall Gansu annually receives is 50-800mm.
The mountain is about 3000m high, so the air is thin.
The plant that grows where the panda eats is bamboo, parnish, bamboo shoot, rhododendron plants, shrub, leaves etc.
Gansu's average temperature is about 9°C. The warmest time in Gansu is July and the temperature becomes about an average of 20°C to 24°C. The coldest temperature is at January and the average temperature becomes -12°C to 2°C.


What panda's need to live in their environment
  • water nearby
  • A lot of bamboo
  • thick bushes
  • large hollow fir tree

These things are needed for important reasons. Panda's main food is bamboo but it does not include much energy-giving carbohydrates, so pandas need to eat many.An adult panda eats about 650 bamboos a day. Thick bushes are used as a shelter and the larger hollow fir tree is used by females as a den to give birth to the cub. Water is important to panda.Pandas would not walk to the water if it is more than a half a mile away(8km), so they must live in an environment with lots of water.

Lesson 4b
Definition of ecosystem- It is a type of system of what does the animal do live with the non-living consumer.

Notes from Brainpop(ecosystem)
  • Desert is type of ecosystem
  • Ecosystem is made out of living and non-living things.
  • Ecosystem needs natural things such as rainfall,condition of soil etc.
  • Example-plants and animal that live in the desert would need to be able to survive without water for a long time since rain hardly falls at the desert.
  • In any ecosystem, there would always be a community. example, the community for the desert would be the cacti stores the water, kangaroo rat sleeps in the soil where it is more cooler and the owl prey when the sun goes down.
  • All organisms has a home which is called the habitat
  • Water can be an ecosystem. Examples would be lake,pond,ocean,river etc.


ecosystem.jpg


Ecosystem of panda
How panda adapts with the non-living condition.
Non-living condition
Adaption
Rainfall of 50-800mm
panda eats plants
soil/ground
Having claws to have a grip onto the ground
High ground
The blood has extra oxygen
mountain
The fur of the panda helps camouflage
sunlight
Helps to make their body warm
How panda adapts with the living factors.
Living factors
Adaption
Small predotors
Using claws
Big predetors
Climb onto the tree
plants
Eat it by using teeth and hand




Lesson 5
How panda adapts to it's environment

Adaption
External
Internal

Front paw
:)

20050530-164pt.jpg
Teeth


100218102448-large.jpg
Legs
:)

APTOPIX_Japan_Giant_Panda_04ffb.jpg
Head
:)


Eyes
:)

Panda.jpg
Blood

:)

Fur
:)

20100108_pandayoko.jpg
Intestines

:)

Claws
:)

SuperStock_4201-32369.jpg
Bones


c03190380b87d8328c187adf51d235ed.jpg
Description of the adaption:

Front Paw-Panda's front paw is external and the front paws have an extra thumb which is called the false thumb. They are used to hold onto the bamboo. Panda uses the first two claws against the false thumb to grip the bamboo.


Teeth-The teeth is external and the back tooth of the panda is shaped like flat mortar and which helps to eat very hard bamboo. There are no sharing teeth or incisor teeth to eat flesh, but most of their teeth are molar making it useful for eating grind food such as though bamboo steams. Also, there is a large canine to defend themselves from enemies. Also, as a fast fact panda has 42 teeth.

Head-Panda's skull is heavy and the jaws that operate the chewing muscles are attached to the cheekbones.

Claws-Claws are external and are used to defend themselves from predators such as stoats,weasels etc. The feet is covered with thick hair and helps it walk over the snow and ice.

Eyes-Panda's eyes is external and they are very sensitive. Their vertical pupils help see at night time.

Blood-It is internal and it is thought that there are extra oxygen in panda's blood in order survive in the high altitudes.

Fur-The fur of panda is external and it is very important to be able to live in the mountains. An adult panda's can grow up to 4inch (about 10cm). The fur is coated by an oily substance that keeps it's fur dry and warm chilly and wet habitat. The fur helps the panda to live in the environment in many ways. The black and white color helps the panda to camouflage. The color white helps to camouflage at winter times. Some scientists think that the color black and white helps the panda to stay warm. The color black absorbs the warmness from the sun and white helps to reflect the sun and keeps them cool. The black on the eyes makes it look like if the panda is bigger and aggressive which helps it from being attacked. Also, in the dark, only white can be seen and helps look like if there is no animal because other animals do not think that the white is from panda.

Bones-Basically the same as the front paw and to be specific, there are bones called the 6th bone and 7th bone.

This is the flow-chart of the adaption.
Mami_adaption.png


Lesson 6
Are panda diurnal or nocturnal?
Pandas are dirtunal and noctural. Panda is 41% asleep of a day and 59% of night. Panda repeats to eats,sleep and sometimes exercise. Panda in the zoos(Ueno) sleeps more at night then daytime. Since panda does not have many enemies and the body is big,so they do not have to stay active at night time and stay active at day time

Lesson 7
Describe the season your animal is living in; 4 seasons or tropical. Describe how your animal is adapted to seasonal changes; winter vs summer and wet vs dry.


Panda lives in a bamboo forest or mountain. Their



Facts about baby panda
  • If the giant panda breeds two babies, the sows only takes care of the one of the cub which is more vigor.
  • The cub that does not being cared usually dies.






Lesson 8


Mutualism
It is when two living things do something,so that they both can get a profit.
The fish used
Mami_ウツボ.jpg

Parasitism
It is when one animals lives on another animal.

Mami commenlism.jpg
Commensalism
It is when one living thing gets a profit while the other doesn't.
mami-clownfish.jpg

Panda's symbiotic

Mutalism
Ground & droppings

Parasitism
Ground & panda

Commensalism

Bamboo & panda
Trees & panda

Description:Mutualism
The panda drops the droppings and the ground gets the nutrition from the dropping.
Fast fact-Panda's droppings are knows as not a smelly dropping because they eat many bamboos and smells like bamboo. Therefore, the droppings of panda is not smelly. There is a tea made from Sichuan panda's droppings. The tea is

Description; Parasitism
The panda lives at the mountain, so panda lives with the ground.

Description; Commensalism
Panda climbs onto the trees to get away from predators.The panda gets a profit of getting away from predators but the tree doesn't get any profit.
Panda uses the bamboo to protect itself from predators.

Giant_Panda_Eating_Bamboo_Wolong_Reserve_Sichuan_Province_China.jpg

Lesson 9
Describe the features of your animal that identify it as a species. If possible, describe variations between members of your species, for example polar and brown bear.

Brown bear
Type of bear
Habitat
Food
what kind
Color of fur
Size
Giant panda
mountain,bamboo forest
bamboo,bamboo shoot
omnivore,herbivore
black and white
1.2m-1.5m (A big size is about 1.9m)
Brown bear
forest,grass land
fish,berries
omnivore
dark brown
A big size is about 2.8m
Polar bear
north pole,sea shore
seals,
carnivore
white
2.1m-3.4m
Grizzly bear
mountain,meadows,grassland
berries,fish,moose
omnivore
brown
1.8m to 2.1m
Kodiak bear
mountain,forests, bays, inlets and wetlands.
fish,berries
omnivore
brown
2.1m-2.6m
Red panda
forest, mountain
bamboo,
carnivore
reddish-brown
6m-8m
Raccoon
city, forest,mountain
meat,
omnivore
black,red and white
43-56cm


Lesson 10
Describe how variations are inherited or caused by environment.
Giant panda likes to live alone except for the meeting seasons. After the female and the male meets, the male leaves the female and the female panda rises the cub b herself.

Lesson 11
Classify organisms in your animal's environment according to
a) types of living things: animals, plants, microorganisms and fungi
b) vertebrate or invertebrate
c) types of vertebrates: mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish or invertebrates: jellyfish, starfish, roundworms, segmented worms, molluscs and arthropods.

Animals
Plants
microorgnisms
fungi
Dholes
acorn


red panda
bamboo


tragopan
bamboo shoot


monal phesants
parnish


golden cat



golden snub-monkey



ant



rat/mouse




Animal
vertebrates
invertebrate

Dholes
:)


red panda
:)


tragopan
:)


monal phesants
:)


golden cat
:)


golden snub-monkey
:)


ant
:)


rat/mouse
:)




Lesson 12
Describe the features of your body that allow you to adapt so well to your environment.

No.
Non-living factors
Adaption
1
pencil
Using to write or draw.
2
sound
Hearing it all around. Sometimes, buzing sounds can occur.
3
cell phone
Using it to text,talk or play games.
4
books
For hobby,homework,understanding the world etc.

Task 2


zoo as a place for animal reaserch,reproduction,protection and tourism
No
Advantage
Disadvantage
Limitation
#1
Save from dangerous life
to be kept in one place and not free
the space for the animal to live
#2
entertain people
Can hurt visitors in the touch-park
limited money to have foods
#3
understand more about animal
Condition of zoo
having companions that may do not like each other
#4
Saving some endangered animals


#5
surviving from deseases
being forced to associate
having fods that can not be came from wild

Advantages:
Details
Save from dangerous life
In the wild, there are enemies that can not be defeated by it's own power,but in the zoo, there are no enemies,so they do not have to worry about it.
Entertain people
The zoo is where they use animals to entertain people by doing shows.An aquarium is similar by using dolphins the most to entertain the audience.
Understand more about animals
By going to zoo, you can understand more about the animals by their actions, food, etc.
Saving some endangered animals
In some zoo, there are endangered animals kept from the wild and safer for not being aimed for money.
Surviving from diseases
There are diseases that can be caught in the wild by insects in their habitat,but in the zoo the insect or diseases do not habitat there,so there are no worries about that.

Disadvantages
Details
Freedom and space
The animals have only limited space to live and kept when in the wild, they are free,
Can hurt visitors in the touch-park
Sometimes the place to touch the animals with the meat eaters can hurt the visitors. There is a proof that in India, a women was hurt by a tiger.
Condition of zoo
The condition of the zoo might be noisy and the animals can be stressed out by the noise and the people that comes to the zoo.
being forced to associate
Sometimes in zoo, teh animals are forced to associate, even if they do not like each other.

Limitation
Details
the space for the animal to live
In the wild, there are freedom and no limited space to live but in zoo, there is a limited space and they are not free.
limited money to have foods
Having limited foods,so even if they want more, they can not have because of limited money.
having companions that may do not like each other
Having companions in the same cage if they are the same type of animal and being forced to live with them.
having foods that can not be came from wild
Having foods that can not be bought by money when it the animal is able to eat it in the wild.


Bibliography

http://www.edu.pe.ca/southernkings/panda.htm. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2012.
Animals under threat GIANT PANDA. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.


Glossary

Vocabularies

Meaning

Reliable

Having trials to make the result to be realistic.
Have more tries and the data is more reliable

Accuracy

To have the unit in the (To use more sensitive tools)

Food Chain

Organisms that depend on each other to survive and joins together.

Food web

It contains interconnected and overlapping chains. The 3 mayor elementry
Primary consumer
Animal that eats plants/producers.
Herbivores
Another name for primary consumer
Secondary consumers
Species that eat the primary consumers and most of the time it is carnivores or meat-eaters

Decomposer

It is mostly bacteria and fungi. It cause

Producers

Largest part of any kind of food web and always at the bottom of the food chain

Consumers

Organism that eat other living things They do not make energy like the producers, so they usually eat other animals. Seals is an example of consumers by eating other animals since they can not make their own energy.

meat-eaters

Animals that eat meat such as lions.

carnivores

Animals such as humans because they eat meat and plant.
(雑食)

omnivores

Small organisms that live on bodies of other organisms using victim's energy.

parasites

Small organisms that live on bodies of other organisms using victim's energy.

scavengers

Eat skeleton of other animals.

ecosystem

When the non-living things and the living tings are combined together or lives in the same place.

habitat

Where the organisms live

community

What actions does the organisms that live at the certain place does.

population

It is an occurrence of one organism being explosive increase at one place.(desert,ocean at America)
External
Features of animals outside
Internal
Features of animals inside
Diurnal
Animals that are active at day time.
nocturnal
Animals that are active at night time.
Mutualism
It is when two living things do something,so that they both can get a profit.
Parasitism
It is when one animals lives on another animal.
Commensalism
It is when one living thing gets a profit while the other doesn't.
vertebrate
Animals that has bones
invebrate
Animals that does not have bones. Their body is soft and unprotected
boars
Specific name for an adult male panda

sows

Specific name for an adult female panda

cub

Specific name for the baby panda