Thomas


Task
Check
Choose a well researched animal
o
Explore wiki space
o
Research Animal
o
Decomposers
o
Food Web
o
Habitat & Ecosystem
o
Adaption
o

Task 2
Zoo as a place for animal research, reproduction, protection and tourism.
Advantages
Disadvantages
Limitation
Good Protection (animals)
-If they are sick they can get medicine
-They are protected from predators
-They are looked after
-If they are hurt they are always treated
Good Protection (animals)
-They are concealed in an area so they can not roam around
-They become dependent on people giving them food so if they get released they will not be able to live long
Good Protection (animals)
-They will not be able to survive in the wild because they have become dependent
-They cannot roam around freely because they are concealed
-They always get looked after
Space (animals)
-They are protected
-They cannot be eaten by predators because they do not have anywhere to be eaten
-It is a good way of research
Space (animals)
-They can not roam around freely
-They cannot kill predators for food because they are concealed in a certain place
-They might escape like the pigs in Edinburgh zoo
Space (animals)
-They cannot go anywhere except the same place
-They cannot interact with other animals; Fighting, Eating or just seeing other animals
Food (animals)
-They have lots of spare food
Food (animals)
-They are not always able to eat when they want to
-They are given the food
-They can be given too much food
-Sometimes tourists throw rubbish in with the animals and then they eat the rubbish
Food (animals)
-They cannot kill other animals for food so they cannot eat whenever they can
-They are not always allowed food
-They are not always given what they want to eat
Money (zoo)
-They sometimes make a profit
-Sometimes the government pays for the zoo
Money (zoo)
-They have to pay for all the animals food
-They have to pay for the medicine and things for the animals
-They have to pay lots of money for the land
-Animals from other countries are really expensive
Money (zoo)
-They cannot always have lots of animals because of the money
-They are limited to a certain amount of land
Research (people)
-Good research for kids
-Good for scientists to understand how animals behave in different environments
Research (people)
Research (people)
-We cannot always get all the information







Animal: Emperor Penguin.
They are called emperor penguins because they are the largest living species of penguins.
Scientific Classification: Aptenodytes forsteri
Aptenodytes: This means 'Featherless Diver'.
Forsteri: Named after the colleague of captain cook, J.R. Foster, one of the first to describe penguins
Penguin_Aptenodytes_forsteri.jpgPenguin_Emperor_Stuff.jpeg
They are called emperor penguins because they are the largest living species of penguins.


The Emperor Penguin lives only in Antarctica. All types of penguins are birds, Although they are birds the cannot fly. Penguins spend 75% of their lives underwater.
In Antarctica, they only live around it, here is a picture of where they live:
Emperor_Penguins_Habitat.jpeg
They only live around Antarctica because if they go anywhere else they will be too warm for them too live because of their thick fur, they don't live in the middle of Antarctica because they need to be able to have a close resource of water for food.

Here is what the skeleton of a penguin looks like:
Skeleton_of_Emporer_Penguin.jpg



Food Chain
Foodchain.jpg
Food chains are where a producer gets eaten by a primary consumer which gets eaten by a secondary consumer which gets eaten by a tertiary consumer. Food chains are not linked with different things. They are just one thing gets eaten by one things that goes in a chain, basically a circle.

Food Webs
Food webs are linked with many things and are usually very complex. For example in this diagram there are a couple of things that only eat and not get eaten while some are eaten and eat others so food webs are basically very linked and focused on a whole ecosystem rather than just a small part of the ecosystem.


Marine_Ecosystem_Food_Web.jpg




Decomposers

Decomposers are a very important role in the environment, they take away many dead cells. If they were not there, there would many dead things everywhere which would be very bad. Decomposers are usually small, around the size of bacteria but some are bigger like ants. Eventually if there were no decomposers the world will be be filled with dead things so we would not be a good place to live.

Examples for Decomposers

1. Worm
Worm?!?!?!?.gif
They eat decaying leaves or dead things off all types of animals.

2. Micro-Organisms (Bacteria)
Bacteria.jpg

They are decomposers because they eat dead cells off living things and dead things and they clean the dead cells away. These micro-organisms are the top of the decomposers. They are also bacteria.

3.Dr.Fish
Doctor_Fish.jpg
Doctor fish are decomposer fish because they eat the dead cells off of your body.


Ecosystem

ecosystem.jpg
Ecosystems are made up of living and non-living things that interact with each other. For example in a desert, scorpions live beneath the sand. Also if a new animal shows up in the ecosystem they will have to adapt to the environment.


Antarctic Ecosystem

This section gives a brief description of animals that live with penguins. I used this for the food web below.

What animals live in the Antarctica Polar ecosystem:
-Blue Whales
-Killer Whales
-Penguins
-Krill
-Small Fish
-Squids
-Octopus
-Birds
-Zoo Plankton


What Penguins Eat:
-Small Fish
-Squids
-Octopus
-Krill

What Blue Whales Eat:
-Krill
-Small Fish

What Killer Whales Eat:
-Birds
-Squid
-Blue Whales
-Small Fish
-Penguins
-Krill
-Fish

What Krill Eat:
-Zooplankton



What Small Fish Eat:
-Krill
-Other Fish

What Do Antarctic Birds Eat:
-Fish

What Do Antarctic Squids Eat:
-Krill
-Fish

What Do Antarctic Octopus Eat:
-Fish

Penguin Food Web

Penguins live in the polar habitat which is up in Antarctica and the Arctic. Although the Polar habitat is in both Antarctica and the Arctic penguins only live in Antarctica. None of the animals in Antarctica actually live on land, they all live in the air or the sea.

Penguins_Food_Web_(Thomas).JPG
I think that on this food web I could have put more information for example if they were tertiary consumers, producers, consumers or secondary consumers. I think I could have improved on the organization and the cutting because it does not look that good because it doesn't look professional.

What is a habitat and ecosystem?

Habitat:
Habitats are a place where a single living organism lives.
Like, a penguins habitat is in Antarctica.


Ecosystem:
An ecosystem is a place where living and non living things live together.
For example, a sharks, fish, rocks and many others ecosystem is a ocean.


Penguinnnnssss.jpg
How penguins adapted (?)

This is a penguins(') environment because the penguins adapted to this environment by having lots of fur to keep them warm. If they were in a warmer place they would have to get rid of their fur. The non living factors in this environment is (are) the rocks, ice and water. The penguins catch their prey by diving into the water and grabbing what they can.

Antarctica is the coldest, windiest and driest place in the world. This is a table of Antarctica's climate.

Non Living Factors

Rainfall
202mm
Average Temperature
-0˚C




What is the difference between an environment and an ecosystem?
There is no difference between an environment and an ecosystem.


Adaption
Penguins ecosystems are polar because of their thick fur they would not be able to survive in warm or normal temperature places. The penguins have adapted lots to this environment to survive. The penguin has also adapted by having white and black fur because the white fur if you see it from below it camouflages with the light and the black camouflages from the top because it looks like the dark water. It has also adapted by being able to hunt the fish and swim fast under the water and dive in.
Another way they adapt is by tucking its head under its on head while sleeping to stay warm because they will freeze if they don't.


Antarctica-Thomas-Penguin.jpg

Chart on penguin adaption:

Screen_shot_2012-05-23_at_11.13.56_AM.png


Diurnal or Nocturnal?
Penguins are active throughout the day, although they do take small short naps every so often. When they sleep, they don't always lay down like humans., They usually tuck their head in under their own wing and go to sleep like that.

4 Seasons or Tropical?

Penguins live in Antarctica, which is a polar region but even though it is it still has 4 seasons but all 4 of them are very cold. They adapt to all this cold by having many many feathers that all overlap and they are also very thick so they can always stay warm.




Symbiotic Relations

Symbiotic Relationships are where two or more animals interact to survive.

Mutualism: Mutualism is where both animals benefit.

Parasitism: Where one animal benefits and the other dies.

Commemsalism: Where one animal benefits and the other doesn't .

Penguins Symbiotic Relations:
Penguin_Colony.jpg
Screen_shot_2012-05-23_at_11.30.39_AM.png





Number
Non Living Factor
Adaptation
1
Ice
They have adapted to the cold from the ice by having thick fur so they don't get cold
2
Sunlight/Darkness
When they are in the water they can camouflage with the color of their skin
3
Cold
They huddle together to stay warm from the cold
4
Water
The penguins have webbed feet and have a streamlined body so they can swim faster








How it is different to other penguins?

Emperor penguins are different than normal penguins because they are much larger than normal penguins and that is also, how emperor penguin got its name.




Works Cited
“How are penguins adapted to their habitat?” Wiki.Answers. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_are_penguins_adapted_to_their_habitat>.
“Penguins Adaption.” Seaworld. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/info-books/penguin/adaptations.htm>.


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